The History Of Thanksgiving: How Countries Celebrate Thanksgiving

Hey, everyone! If you want to learn the history of Thanksgiving and how countries celebrate, you’ve come to the right place. You’ll learn a lot about Thanksgiving in this blog post.

Some people believe the first Canadian Thanksgiving had occurred in 1578 when an explorer named Martin Frobisher held a Thanksgiving feast for his survival on his journey from England.

Some people think that the first Thanksgiving celebrations in Canda can be traced back to French settlers.  These settlers who came to New France in the 1600s with explorer Samuel de Champlain celebrated successful harvests with giant feasts of thanks.

A big portion of Canada considers Thanksgiving a statutory holiday. The first Thanksgiving in the United States was in 1621 at Plymouth. This feast was prompted by a good harvest and celebrated by pilgrims and puritans.

It wasn’t until the 1660s that the harvest feast became an annual affair. Each year the President of the United States pardon a turkey. This lucky turkey is guaranteed to spend the rest of its life living freely and not ending up on a turkey platter.

When the pilgrims arrived on the Mayflower, the Wampanoag Indians taught them how to cultivate the land. These Indians were invited to the first Thanksgiving in 1621. The first Thanksgiving was celebrated for 3 days in 1621.

The first Thanksgiving feast was made of lobster, chestnuts, onions, leeks, dried fruit, cabbage, carrots, chicken, rabbit, honey,  maple syrup, and other items. There were no pumpkin pies, mashed potatoes, or corn in the cob at the first Thanksgiving feast.

The writer of Mary Had A Little Lamb, Sarah Josepha Hale, is thought to be the person to persuaded Abraham Lincoln to make Thanksgiving a national holiday. In 1863, Abraham Lincoln declared the last Thursday of November to be the national day of Thanksgiving.

Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade began in the 1920s and it is still held today. Approximately, 280 turkeys consumed on Thanksgiving in the United States. The Friday after Thanksgiving is called Black Friday in the United States and it is the first official shopping day of Christmas.

Even if the turkeys wanted to escape before Thanksgiving, they can’t fly. Commercially, raised turkeys aren’t able to fly. Other countries that celebrate Thanksgiving include Germany (they celebrate the Harvest Thanksgiving Festival in early October), Grenada (they celebrate Thanksgiving Day on October 25th), Korea (they celebrate Korean Thanksgiving in late September or early October), Japan (they celebrate Labor Thanksgiving on November 23rd), Liberia (they celebrate Thanksgiving on the first Thursday of November), and Norfolk Island celebrates Thanksgiving on the last Wednesday of November.

The traditional cornucopia was a curved goat’s horn filled to the brim with fruits and grains. According to a Greek legend, Amalthea (a goat) broke one of her horns and offered it to Greek God Zeus as a sign of reverence.

As a sign of gratitude, Zeus later set the goat’s image in the sky known as Capricorn. Cornucopia is the most common symbol of a harvest festival. A horn shaped cornucopia, it is filled with the abundance of the Earth’s harvest. It is also known as the horn of plenty.

The first known Thanksgiving feast or festival in North America was celebrated by Franciso Vásquez de Coronado and the people he called Tejas (members of the Hasinai group of Caldo speaking Native Americans).

Turducken, a turkey stuffed with a duck stuffed with chicken, is becoming more popular in Thanksgiving (originated in Louisiana). A turducken is a deboned turkey stuffed with a deboned duck, which itself is stuffed with a small deboned chicken.

The cavity of the chicken and the rest of the gaps are filled with, at the very least, a highly seasoned breadcrumb mixture (although some versions have a different stuffing for each bird).

Fossil evidence shows that turkeys roamed the Americas 10 million years ago. Ninety-one percent of Americans eat turkey on Thanksgiving Day. There are regional differences as to the “stuffing” (or “dressing”) traditionally served with the turkey.

Southerners generally make theirs from cornbread, while in other parts of the country white bread is the base. One or several of the following may be added: oysters, apples, chestnuts, raisins, celery and/or other vegetables, sausage or the turkey’s giblets.

Thomas Jefferson thought the concept of Thanksgiving was “the ridiculous idea I’ve ever heard.” Every President since Lincoln proclaimed Thanksgiving Day. But in 1939, 1940, and 1941 Franklin D. Roosevelt proclaimed Thanksgiving the third Thursday in November to lengthen the holiday shopping season.

This upset  a lot of people. The North American holiday season (generally the Christmas shopping season in the U.S.) traditionally begins when Thanksgiving ends, on Black Friday (the day after Thanksgiving) this tradition has held forth since at least the 1930s.

On the West Coast of the US, Dungeness crab is common as an alternate main dish instead of turkey, as crab season starts in early November. Corn is one of the popular symbols of Thanksgiving.

The corn came in many varieties of color – red, white, blue, and yellow. Some Americans considered blue and white corn sacred. The oldest corn date 7000 years back and they were grown in Mexico.

Benjamin Franklin wanted the national bird to be a turkey. A spooked turkey can run at speeds up to 20 miles per hour. They can also burst into flight approaching speeds between 50-55 mph in a matter of seconds.

More than 40 million green bean casseroles are served on Thanksgiving. Turkey is the traditional dish for the Thanksgiving feast. In the US, about 280 million turkeys are sold for the Thanksgiving celebrations. There is no official reason or declaration for the use of turkey.

They just happened to be the most plentiful meat available at the time of the first Thanksgiving in 1621, starting the tradition. Turkeys are first documented over two thousand years ago in Central America and Mexico.

Twenty percent of cranberries eaten are eaten on Thanksgiving. The preliminary estimate of the number of turkeys raised in the United States in 2005 is 256 million. That’s down 3 percent from 2004.

The turkeys produced in 2004 weighed 7.3 billion pounds altogether and were valued $3.1 billion. Fifty percent of Americans put the stuffing inside the turkey. In October 1777, all 13 colonies celebrated Thanksgiving for the first time; however, it was a one-time affair commemorating a victory over the British at Saratoga.

Turkeys were one of the first animals in the Americas to be domesticated. Columbus thought that the land he discovered was connected to India, where peacocks are found in considerable number.

And he believed turkeys were a type of peacock (they’re actually a type of pheasant). So he named them tuka, which is a peacock in the Tamil language of India. There are three places in the United States named after the holiday’s traditional main course – Turkey, Texas; Turkey Creek, Louisianna; and Turkey, North Carolina.

There are also nine townships around the country named Turkey with three in Kansas. The wishbone of the turkey is used in a good luck ritual on Thanksgiving Day. The cranberry is a symbol and a modern diet staple of Thanksgiving.

Originally called the crane berry, it derived its name from its pink blossoms and drooping head, which reminded the Pilgrims of a crane. The different nicknames for Thanksgiving: Turkey Day (after the traditional dinner), T-Day (an abbreviation of Thanksgiving Day or Turkey Day), Macy’s Day (this is exclusive to New York City – it’s a reference to the Macy’s Day Parade), Yanksgiving (Canadians sometimes call the Thanksgiving in the US as “Yanksgiving” to distinguish it from the Canadian Thanksgiving holiday).

Several people wanted to have an official day of thanksgiving, including George Washington, who proclaimed a National Day of Thanksgiving in 1789. Several people did not want it including President Thomas Jefferson.

The first Thanksgiving lasted three days. Wild turkeys, while technically the same species as domesticated turkeys, have a very different taste from farm-raised turkeys. Almost all of the meat is “dark” (even the breasts) with a more intense turkey flavor.

Older heritage breeds also differ in flavor. The Guinness Book of Records states that the greatest dressed weight recorded for a turkey is 39.09 kg (86 lbs), at the annual “heaviest turkey” competition held in London, England on December 12, 1989.

Contrary to popular belief, Native Americans did not eat cranberries. They did, however, find them extremely useful for dying fabric and decorating pottery. The Native Americans wore deerskin and fur, not blankets.

In Africa, the harvest festivals have a lot of religious connotations. Dancing and singing are a special part of the festival. People who take part in dances wear traditional masks and outfits.

Each dance sequence unfolds a unique story. The Festival of Yams is a popular harvest festival. Yams are the most common food. Yams are the first crops to be harvested.  This festival is celebrated with days of ceremonies and offerings to God and the ancestors.

The offerings are later distributed among the village folk. This is their way of giving thanks to the spirit. The festival is normally held in the month of August, marking the end of rainy season.

The Homowo Festival is the largest cultural festival of Africa. The people of Ghana which is in West Africa celebrate the Homowo Festival as a traditional harvest festival.  The festival starts with a procession.

People from local African and African-American take parts assuming the roles of kings and queens. The African and African-American people also consider themselves as the follower of the royal family of each of Ghana’s ethnic groups.

The people of Africa hold a cultural ceremony called first fruits in order to bless the newly harvested crops and purify the people before they eat the foods. Across the nation in September and October, you’ll find communities coming together to celebrate the changing of the seasons and the successful harvest of another crop.

Although a good number of fall festivals happen prior to October, there are more than enough left so that you should be able to find a popular harvest festival near anyone. In Alaska each autumn, people hold a series of festivals and spiritual ceremonies after the end of salmon fishing and the berry harvest.

The festivals last throughout the winter months. People are addressing the spirits who could be helpful or harmful  by dancing and songs. The people also appeal to the souls of animals upon whose everyone’s life depended on.

During dances, people wear masks and beautiful decorated ceremonial dresses. Most interestingly, men and women take part in the dance followed by the beats of skin drums, bird beak rattles, and piercing whistles which were used to call on the spirits to the dance home.

Harvest Festival in Austria is all about enjoying life. Saint Leopold’s feast day marks the start of the heurigen which is the new wine season in Austria. People of Austria celebrate this festive day with outdoor wine tastings and wine picnics.

They also celebrate the festival by folk music and live music. This is the day for the pilgrimage to Klosterneuburg Abbey, home of the eminent wine called Leopolsberg. The typical Austrian thanksgiving celebration called Erntedankfest is a rural harvest time.

Leopold’s Day custom called Fasselrutschen which is also called sliding down the cask involves a tremendous 12,000-gallon wooden barrel, commissioned by the abbot for Klosterneuberg wine cellar in 1704.

People climb to the top of the cask one by one and then the people slide down its smooth wooden side for good luck. It has been said the rougher the side, the better the luck. Nyepi is one of the most important festivals in Bali, signals the beginning of a new lunar year.

The festival usually falls during the spring equinox (late March, early April). On this day, all people (including tourists) must remain silent, and no-one may work, travel or take part in any indulgences.

This festival is a time of purification to make sure they have good crops. Kulkuls are alarm drums which are positioned in small towers in every Balinese village.  The night of the full moon festivities observed at the end of the September.

The festival provides excitement for crowds of travelers and also for those who are taking part in the celebration. Crop Over is a traditional harvest festival which began in Barbados.  The festival had its early beginnings on the sugar cane plantations during the colonial period.

The Crop Over tradition featured singing, dancing and during this festival carts and animals were decorated with flowers that would bring the cane to the plantation owner. The plantation owners then provide a feast for the laborers.

During Crop Over you can see parades, dances, and fireworks, and hear calypso bands, enjoy arts and crafts (beautiful wooden sculptures, woven straw mats, and colorful clay pottery) and taste the same kind of food and drinks that the slaves prepared in the 19th century.

Crop Over is a three-week long festival of feasting and enjoyment. The festival begins with a parade, for the ceremonial delivery of the last sugar canes. The timing of Harvest festival varies according to weather conditions and location. But festivals are held all over Britain at the end of the summer to celebrate the bringing in of the crops, usually during September.

In Britain, the time for the harvest festival starts when the wheat has been cut and the apples have been picked. The decoration of churches takes place and the churches are decorated with flowers during the harvest time.

People have a belief that bringing a plow into the church for a blessing will result into a plentiful harvesting during the next year. In Britain, the harvest festival is attached to the gathering of the last sheaf of corn.

The reapers raise a great Harvest Shout as it was cut. The last sheaf was treated with special respect and used to make Corn Dollies. This was done as people believed that the corn spirit lived in the wheat.

The Corn Dolly was then placed on the top of the final load of corn and carried back to the village in triumph. By creating the dolly, the spirit is kept alive for the next year and for the new crop.

Sometimes, the dollies are hung up in the farmhouse or in the church or in the barn. The dolly would be plowed back into the soil during the spring season. Another story about a Corn Dolly is in the folksong ‘John Barleycorn’:

“There were three men come from the West their fortunes for to try, and these three made a solemn vow: “John Barleycorn must die.” They plowed, they sowed, they harrowed him in, Threw clods upon his head, Till these three men were satisfied John Barleycorn was dead.”

However, in the spring John Barleycorn rises up through the soil. By and by he grows big and strong, even growing a beard. Consequently, the three men cut him down at the knee, tie him to a cart, beat him, strip the flesh off his bones and grind him between two stones.

Nevertheless, in the end, it is John Barleycorn who defeats his opponents. He proves the stronger man by turning into beer. In Britain, there is an old tradition to bake a loaf in the shape of a wheat sheaf, which is done using the last of the harvested grain.

The loaf is then taken to the richly decorated church. This is done as a symbol of thanksgiving for the harvest. Throughout the world, harvest time has always been the occasion for extraordinary customs.

They celebrate the harvest time wearing special costumes and are known to be the pearly kings and queens. The August Moon Festival or the Mid-Autumn Festival or the Moon Cake Festival is one of the most celebrated Chinese harvest festivals.

The festival is held on the 15th day of the 8th lunar month which is in September or early October in the Gregorian calendar, close to the autumnal equinox. This festival of china ends with a big feast. The Chinese have Moon Cakes during the festival.

Friends and relatives send Moon cakes to each other as a way of giving thanks. People enjoy music and dancing and eating round yellow Moon Cakes. The Autumn Moon festival has much in common with the Thanksgiving Festival.

The Round moon cakes are baked and enjoyed, ornate lanterns are made and hung, and lovers are encouraged to come out of their homes and relax in the glow of the full moon.  According to a say, the moon is at its brightest and roundest on this day.

Friendships are made and renewed on this day. Chinese poets keep writing for many years about long lost lovers finding their way to each other on this special night. The August Moon festival is often recognized as the Women’s festival.

The moon symbolizes beauty and elegance and is also referred as a female principle and is a trusted friend. Many ancient August Moon folktales are about a Moon Maiden. On the 15th night of the 8th lunar moon, little children on earth can see a lady on the Moon.

And those who make wishes to the Lady on the Moon will find their dreams come true. Mid-Autumn is a time for family, friends and loved ones to gather and enjoy the full moon that is a symbol of abundance, harmony, and luck.

Families enjoy picnics or special dinners. And those who make wishes to the Lady on the Moon will find their dreams come true. Mid-Autumn is a time for family, friends and loved ones to gather and enjoy the full moon that is a symbol of abundance, harmony, and luck.

Families enjoy picnics or special dinners. Dutch harvest hymns helped popularize his idea of harvest festival and spread the annual custom of decorating churches with home-grown produce for the Harvest Festival service.

During this harvest festival, the feast was held to honor the Hungarian saint .The Hungarian Saint used to hide in a barn after hearing that he has been appointed a bishop as they believed that they did not earn such an honor.

A honking goose was to reveal his hiding place and so roast goose became a traditional dish for Martinmas feast, along with wine made from the grape harvest. Also During this festival, we can see children marching in parades carrying homemade lanterns following the Halloween tradition.

The ancient Egyptians were always ready to party and celebrate. In fact, almost all the days in the year they seemed to be celebrating something or a god. The celebration of the springtime harvest festival in Egypt was dedicated to ‘Min‘.

In Egypt, spring was the harvest season and this was the time to hold the festival. The people especially the Pharaoh (the most powerful person in ancient Egypt) took part in the parade during this festival. After the parade, the great feast was held.

People also used to take part in music, dancing, and sports which were a part of the celebration. When the Egyptian farmers completed harvesting their corn, they used to cry and pretend to be a grief-stricken.

This was done to mislead the spirits of which they believed lived in the corn. The farmers had the fear that the spirits might become angry when they cut down the corn on which the spirits used to live.

Worship of Demeter as their goddess of all grains seems to have occurred primarily in connection to natural fertility. Every year during autumn, the festival of Thesmosphoria was held to honor the goddess.

On the very first day of the festival, Married women build leafy shelters and furnish them with couches which were made with plants.  On the Second day, they had a fast. On the third day, a feast was held and they offer gifts of seed corn, cakes, fruits, and pigs to the goddess Demeter.

They had a hope that Demeter who was their god would grant them a good harvest. In Northern India, People celebrate harvest festival during the spring season, which is either in late February or early March. People harvest their wheat in spring.

This is also the time for Holi, which is a Hindu Harvest festival. Holi lasts for five days. Everyone dresses up, or buy new clothes during the occasion.  People wear old clothes as part of the celebration and throw colored water and Red Powder at each other and indulge in the fun of the festival.

Holi is the festival where all whether they are family, friends or strangers get the same treatment. Candy Game and Tug of War are two such games which are played during the festival of Holi.

Everyone is allowed to participate in these games. People also build and light bonfires. After the flames have died down the ashes, they are rubbed over people’s forehead. This is done only to bring good luck for the year ahead.

There are different names of the harvest festival celebrated in India. For example: In Northern India, it is known as Lohri, In Assam, it is called Bhogali Bihu, In Uttar Pradesh and Bihar it is known as Makar Sankranti, and in Andhra Pradesh, it is celebrated as Bhogi.

The primary crop harvested in Eastern India is Rice. Springtime is the season of love and at this time they celebrate the love story of the God, Krishna, and Radha. The images of the two gods surrounded by flowers are pulled by decorated animals in a procession through the streets.

People offer flowers before the images in the temples. The love story of Krishna and Radha is dramatized or it is recalled by reading verses from a very long poem known as the Bhagavata Purana. Bhagavata Purana means “Ancient Stories of the Lord”.

People also have bonfires and they hold a dance where Men and Women dance in separate groups around the bonfires. They also throw colorful powder and waters at each other.

Onam is one of the most popular harvest festivals of Kerala in Southern India. It is a time for everyone to reap the benefits of a good harvest after a year of hard work and labor. Onam festival is celebrated in the memory of popular King Mahabali.

The festival is a time for communal thanksgiving. The famous ‘Snake boat’ race is organized every year. It is a season of dances, songs, food, worshipping among other festivities.

Women wear new sarees and they dress up their children in colorful clothes. The traditional ‘Pookkalam’ a flower mat that adorns the courtyard of almost every house.   ‘Payasam’ is the most popular dish among the various dishes during this festival.

Pongal is another four days of harvest festival in Southern India which is celebrated with immense joy and enthusiasm. It is celebrated on the 14th of January every year.  Pongal means the boiling of milk and rice.

Born fire and feasting is a common feature of the festival. Pongal has also known as ‘VenPongal’ and during this festival, farmers express their gratitude. Pongal is basically held to honor the Sun for a bountiful harvest.

People decorate their houses and families gather together to rejoice and offer Pongal to Sun.  There is a belief that celebrating the harvest festival will bring prosperity, joy, and happiness.

Chu Suk is the popular harvest festival in Korea which is celebrated as a mark of respect to elders. The festival is a time for feasting and happiness. Families visit their ancestral properties in hometowns and people offer newly harvested foods. Koreans hold memorial services at the grave sites of the elder people.

Koreans hold memorial services at the grave sites of the elder people. After the memorial service, they have a special meal to celebrate and be thankful for each other. In Korea, People have Ttok (rice cakes) made with the newly harvested rice.

Special foods eaten during Chu Suk are songp’yon, freshly picked fruit, toran-t’ang (taro soup) and song-i (mushrooms. Different activities for the day include masked dance, Kanggangsuwollae, an ancient circle dance and the tug-of-war game.

Another activity includes the tortoise game called Kobuk-nori, in which two men dress as a tortoise and tour the village dancing and performing for food and drink. Many activities like archery, wrestling, and singing competitions are a special attraction during the Korean harvest festival.

Kang Kang Sue Wol Lae is a traditional ceremony which is observed a night before Chu Suk. All Women gather together in circles and sing songs to mark the festival. The people thank god and each other for a bountiful harvest.

Altogether, Chu Suk is a Korean harvest festival that takes place during the harvest season and is a time to give thanks for the autumn harvest. Nubaigai is the harvest festival held in Lithuania.

In Lithuania, the Thanksgiving tradition involves the creation of a Boba which is then wrapped around the worker who bound the last sheaf. The harvest wreath is then carried on a plate covered with a white linen cloth.

As the procession moves on, people who reaped sing an old song which represents how they rescued the crop from a huge bison that tried to devour it. Malaysia is situated in the central Southeast Asia.

The Kadazan is the harvest festival of Malaysia which is celebrated in the month of May by Sabah every year to thank their favorite Rice God. The local people have given the name of “Tadau ka’amatan” to this festival.

The local people wear their traditional costumes to mark the festival. Tapai is the homemade rice wine which is distributed generously among localities. Carnivals are an important part of the festival.

People here have a belief that there is no life without Rice. People worship Bambaazon who is the overall creator and thus revere his spirit in the rice plant and cooked rice. The harvest time is a time for lots of activities, cultural programs and agricultural shows, buffalo races, and traditional games.

One of the most important harvest or thanksgiving festivals in Portugal is the ’Festa dos Tabuleiros’ which is also called ‘Festival of the Trays’. This festival takes place every four years, in the month of July.

The fiestas das Vindimias festival which is held in the beginning of September is the other traditional harvest festival in Pamela (A town and a municipality in Portugal) which is near Lisbon (Lisbon is the capital city and largest city of Portugal).

This festival lasts for 5 days. The festival includes the wine harvest and this is an excellent opportunity to get to know some of its magnificent wines. There are also good things to eat such as the famous little Azeitão cheeses.

This is a festival for all the family and it includes children’s activities, sports events, different thematic expositions, wine tastings, wine sales and evening music shows. In Scotland, the Harvest Festival usually takes place during September and they celebrate the harvest festival known as “Lammas” which means loaf mass.

A loaf of bread is made from the first wheat that is cut which is then taken to Church so that the bread is eaten for the mass. After coming back to the peoples usually men from the deep-sea fishing, there is a festival in the Scotland Isles.

St. Michael’s Mass or Michaelmas is another festival in Scotland which is held on September 29. It is fair in this festival which includes markets, games, and especially horseracing.

This Festival is associated with the color Gold, all the harvest colors, the harvest and bounty (Reward) of the land and the sacred King. ‘Harvest Festival’ as is popularly known, is one of the oldest festivals in the United Kingdom.

It began in churches in the year 1843 when Robert Hawker invited local parishioners to a special thanksgiving service at a church in Cornwall. This resulted in the custom of decorating churches with home-grown products.

There is an ancient ceremony known as the “crying of the neck” which takes place in Cornwall. In the old times, the success of crops determined the success or failure of the people. The natives of UK pleased the God of fertility by offering him the first sheaf of corn.

This was done to ensure a good harvest in the coming season. The last sheaf to be harvested is held up and blessed by the local vicar. It is said that the last sheaf of corn contains its spirit “Corn dolls” are made to symbolize Goddess of grain.

The last sheaf used to be kept through the winter and then plowed into the ground at the time of the next spring planting. During the festival, the entire community is invited for a dinner as part of the festivity. It is held every year in the month of September.

This is however not declared a national holiday. The Harvest Festival in Zambia is one of the popular and entertaining festivals celebrated in the country. The country of Zambia is located in the Central part of Africa.

The culture of the country has the great influences of the neighboring regions and the Harvest Festival of Zambia provides a glimpse of the diverse culture of the region. The Harvest Festival of Zambia is one of the interesting and popular festival and is celebrated on the 24th day of the month of February.

The festival is the celebration of the Ngoni people. The Ngoni people occupy the Eastern province of the country. The Ngoni people are believed to inhabit the region of Zambia from 1835.

The Harvest Festival in Zambia is held every year in Mutenguleni, which lies 15 km southwest of Chipata. The Festival is celebrated according to the Ngoni tradition. In the Ngoni tradition, the Paramount Ngoni chief offers the first harvest of the season.

This offering of the Paramount Ngoni chief is celebrated as the Harvest Festival in Zambia. The Harvest Festival in Zambia is also marked by local dance and music. During the festival, twelve local chefs from the Eastern Province of the country assembles at the venue with their troops of finest dancers.

These dancers perform the local dances of the region which is enjoyed by all spectators of the region. Each of these dance troops performs before the Paramount chief, and the chief selects one group as the best warrior dancers and gives them an award.

The Paramount chief not only selects the best dance troop but also takes part in dancing. The chief is offered the blood of the cow which is killed at the N’cwala and is a symbol of the first harvest food.

This offering of the blood is also considered as the blessing of the people of the region to start harvesting and eating. There are several colorful Festivals in Zambia that are the source of entertainment for the people of this region.

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Happy Thanksgiving!

Sources I Used:

http://www.softschools.com/facts/holidays/thanksgiving_facts/146/

http://www.coolest-holiday-parties.com/thanksgiving-facts.html

http://www.theholidayspot.com/thanksgiving/

 

Books I Recommend: The Sleepy Hollow Mystery by Gertrude Chandler Warner

Hey, everyone! This is my 51st book recommendation. I hope you enjoy!

1. The Sleepy Hollow Mystery by Gertrude Chandler Warner

2. Ha-Ha Holiday Jokes to Tickle Your Funny Bone by Felicia Lowenstein Niven

3. Write On, Callie Jones by Naomi Zucker

4. My Hands Sing the Blues by Jeanne Walker Harvey

5. Paper Princess Finds Her Way by Elisa Kleven

6. Bully by Patricia Polacco

7. The Sunday Outing by Gloria Jean Pinkney

8. It Takes A Village by Jane Cowen-Fletcher

9. Food Jokes to Tickle Your Funny Bone by Linda Bozzo

10. Noodlehead Stories by Martha Hamilton and Mitch Weiss

11. The Great And Only Barnum by Candace Fleming

12. Victoria the Violin Fairy by Daisy Meadows

13. The Boy Who Learned Upside Down by Christy Scattarella

14. Most Loved in All the World by Tonya Cherie Hegamin

15. An A from Miss Keller by Patricia Polacco

16. Tom Thumb by George Sullivan

17. Ella the Rose Fairy by Daisy Meadows

18. Mommies Say Shhh! by Patricia Polacco

19. The Wild Swans by Hans Christian Andersen

20. Dracula Doesn’t Rock and Roll by Debbie Dadey and Marcia Thornton Jones

21. Boy by Roald Dahl

22. Goblins Don’t Play Video Games by Debbie Dadey and Marcia Thornton Jones

23. Our Town by Thorton Wilder

24. Sparrow by Kim Todd

25. Starting From Scratch by Coco Simon

26. Bonjour, Butterfly by Jane O’Connor

27. Cinderella Stays Late by Joan Holub and Suzanne Williams

28. The Halloween Hoax by Carolyn Keene

29. Frankenstein Doesn’t Slam Hockey Pucks by Debbie Dadey and Marcia Thorton Jones

30. Blizzard of the Blue Moon by Mary Pope Osborne

31. Dawn Light by Diane Ackerman

32. Thea Stilton and the Secret of the Old Castle by Geronimo Stilton

33. Louisiana Hummingbirds by Nancy L. Newfield

34. I’m Not A Supermouse! by Geronimo Stilton

35. How You Talk by Paul Showers

36. From the Mixed-Up Files of Mrs. Basil E. Frankweiler by E. L. Konigsburg

37. It’s Not Magic, It’s Science! by Hope Buttitta

38. You’re Full of Genes by Claudia Zylberberg Ph.D

39. Aliens Don’t Wear Braces by Debbie Dadey and Marcia Thornton Jones

40. Go With Your Gut! by Mary Goulet

41. Giants Don’t Go Snowboarding by Debbie Dadey and Marcia Thornton Jones

42. The Seasons of Life by Jim Rohn

43. Papyrus by John Gaudet

44. The Twenty-One Balloons by William Pène du Bois

45.  Season of the Sandstorms by Mary Pope Osborne

46. Pee-Wee’s Tale by Johanna Hurwitz

47. Into the Waves by Kiki Thorpe

48. The Secret School by Avi

49. Winter Frost by Michelle Houts

50. The Alchemist by Paulo Coelho

51. Mummies Don’t Coach Softball by Debbie Dadey and Marcia Thornton Jones

52. Happy For No Reason by Marci Shimoff

53. Red Riding Hood Gets Lost by Joan Holub and Suzanne Williams

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Amazing Nature Party: The Surprises

Hey, everyone! This is part 5 of the Amazing Nature Party series. In this part of the series, you’ll read about surprises and the answers to the questions in part 4.

The nature animals and plants cheered with excitement for the nature party that began. The animals sang while the trees danced because they were excited. The special visitor was a unicorn and a special fairy called the Life and Nature Fairy.

The nature things asked, “Why is a unicorn with Life and Nature Fairy here? Is there a reason?” The fairy said, “I’m here because I’ve heard about this unique nature party. I’ve heard about the party from my good friend the animal fairy and I’ve come to help you get some more people to hear about this lovely party.”

“I’m glad you think our party is unique and lovely. We certainly could use more attention”, thought the nature party leader. So the nature fairy set off to find some people, fairies, princesses, fantasy animals, and mermaids.

One by one, the guests began to arrive. What did the guests do when they got there? That’s the end of part 5 of the Amazing Nature Party. I hope you enjoyed!

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Nature

Amazing Nature Party: What The Animals Saw

Hey, everyone! This is part 4 in the Amazing Nature Party. I hope you enjoy! Just a reminder, some of these Amazing Nature Party series might be delayed for the holidays. You will read about what the animals saw in Part 4.

The animals saw incredible nature decorations and their eyes got wide open from seeing such majestic detailed decorations.  “Let the party begin!” exclaimed the nature team who helped organized such a wondrous and thriving party.

All the nature things said, “Yes, let the party begin.” All the nature things cheered and whooped. The animals sang while the trees danced. At 3:00pm precisely, they had a special visitor come to their extravaganza nature party.

Why did the nature things cheer? Why did the animals sing while the trees danced? Who was the special visitor? That’s the end of part 4 in the Amazing Nature Party. Keep your eyes open for part 5 of the Amazing Nature Party. Look at my other blog posts while you’re waiting.

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Beautiful Landscape of Nature

 

The Play of Art: History Of Art

Hey, everyone! This play will help you learn about the history of art. For those who like art will probably be interested in the history of art. You can use this play for school and other educational uses if you want to.

Narrator: Welcome to History of Art! Let the play begin.

(Princess enters from Stage A).

Princess (dancing): Nobody knew exactly when the first people started producing art but it is believed that art has been created far back as 100, 000 years ago.

(Strawberry enters from Stage B; Princess exits to Stage B).

Strawberry (smiling bravely): The earliest art work came from Africa in form of stone carvings. There are many examples of cave paintings and carvings from Africa and Europe dating back to 32,000 B.C.

(Princess enters: Strawberry moves to the right of the stage to listen).

Princess: About 9, 000 B.C., people began to change from being traveling nomads to settling down in villages. At this time the art began to evolve into larger pieces. In West Asia and Egypt, the first stone and clay statues were created and that is how artists began to create decorated pottery.

Strawberry: About 3, 000 B.C., people learned how to work with metals and began to create small pieces of art from bronze which was often small statuettes. This was the era when people in Greece and India began to create art and in Egypt, sculptors were large, lifelike stone statues which were painted realistically and were life-size.

Princess: The Dark Age which was around 1, 000 B.C. in East Asia and the Mediterranean Sea led to most people not being able to afford art. Artists stopped making their pieces for several hundred years.

Strawberry: After the Dark Age, it was in Greece that the Archaic and the Classical sculpture was started, along with the black-figure and red-figure vase paintings.

Princess: The Etruscans in Italy started to create large stone and clay statues as well as painted pottery they created.

Strawberry: Things changed when Alexander the Great conquered West Asia in 325 B.C. and people were able to travel throughout the empire. Ideas about art were exchanged and this lead to the first Greek stone statues reaching India with Indian sculptors following Greek methods to carve large statues of Buddha.

Princess: The rise of the Roman Empire spread Greek art to the West as well with artists in North Africa and  North Europe creating pieces of art in the Roman style.

Strawberry: This Roman time was when blown glass became a form of art. It was invented by Phoenician artists  and sold both to England and China.

Princess: In 200 A.D., artists began to experiment and moved away from realistic painting and sculptures to a more abstract form. Statues with larger eyes were to indicate that the subject has a strong soul.

Strawberry: There was a second Dark Age in 459 A.D. after the autumn in Rome. Sadly, not very much art was made for several hundred years.

Princess: In China during this time, they began to make new kinds of painting using a new invention that we use today called paper.

(Princess exited to Stage A). 

Strawberry: In Medieval times, art was evolving and showing the world differently. Christianity became a big theme like Islam did.

Narrator: I hope you enjoyed our play about the History of Art.

(Princess re enters through Stage B). 

(The narrator, Princess, and Strawberry all bow/ curtsy at the same time). 

The End.

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Old Town #4

Books I Recommend: Horrible Harry and the Dead Letters by Suzy Kline

Hey, everyone! This is the 48th book recommendation. I hope you enjoy! Who knew that with inspiration from a book could give you such a huge fabulous idea? So amazing the way life works.

1. Horrible Harry and the Dead Letters by Suzy Kline

2. Horrible Harry At Halloween by Suzy Kline

3. Lydia the Reading Fairy by Daisy Meadows

4. Hawks by Sharon Sharth

5. Mississippi by Pamela Dell

6.  Who Stole New Year’s Eve? by Martha Freeman

7. Oklahoma by Tamra B. Orr

8. Skillet Bread, Sourdough, and Vinegar Pie by Loretta Frances Ichord

9. Florida by Tamra B. Orr

10. Prietta and the Ghost Woman by Escrito Por Gloria Anzaldúa

11. The Race for the Chinese Zodiac by Gabrielle Wang

12. Yoshiko and the Foreigner by Mimi Otey Little

13. Stars Will Shine by Cynthia Rylant

14. The Beautiful Butterfly by Judy Sierra

15. The Prince of the Dolomites by Tomie De Paola

16. Unicorns and Other Magical Creatures by John Hamilton

17. How They Built the Statue of Liberty by Mary J. Shapiro

18. Paint the Wild by Pam Munoz Ryan

19. Full Cicada Moon by Marilyn Hilton

20. Cat Walk by Mary Stolz

21. The Star Maker by Laurence Yep

22. Violet Mackerel’s Remarkable Recovery by Anna Branford

23. Under the Lagoon by Kiki Thorpe

24. The Great Detective Race by Gertrude Chandler Warner

25. The Pumpkin Head Mystery by Gertrude Chandler Warner

26. Born To Fly by Michael Ferrari

27. Henry Huggins and the Paper Route by Beverly Clearly

28. The Summer of the Swans by Betsy Byars

29. Starring Prima! by Jacquelyn Mitchard

30. The Mysterious Edge of the Heroic World by E.L. Konigsburg

31. Gold by Milton Meltzer

32. Paleontology by Susan H. Gray

33. Butterflies and Moths by George S. Fichter

34. Ladybug by Barrie Watts

35. Uranium by Tyrone Mineo

36. Rocks by Roy A. Gallant

37. Heidi Heckelbeck Is a Flower Girl by Wanda Coven

38. 2015 Almanac For Kids by Scholastic Inc.

39. I Believe In Unicorns by Michael Morpurgo

40. I Am Sacagawea by Grace Norwich

41. Lunch Money by Andrew Clements

42. Mae the Panda Fairy by Daisy Meadows

43. Over My Dead Body by Kate Klise

44. Ramona and Her Father by Beverly Clearly

45. Autumn’s Secret Gift by Elise Allen

46. The Bright Shadow by Avi

47. Splash! by Melvin and Gilda Berger

48. Paper Fliers by Alan Folder

49. Photography For Children by George Sullivan

50. Very Short Fairy Tales To Read Together by Mary Ann Hoberman

(The blue links are Amazon Affiliates). 

The Great Universe

Hey, everyone! This is an historic fiction which means that it will take place in a real place. I hope you enjoy!

It all started on a warm summer night in a cozy home where a girl lay sleeping until she felt a jolt and she realized she wasn’t in her home anymore. She thought, “Why is there nothing?” and she got her answer. A echoing voice said,”You are where the universe began. It’s up to you to make the planets including Earth. Once you’ve made Earth, start creating. Have fun!”

So the girl quickly discovered she could use her mind and creativity to make everything. First she designed Earth to look sparkly, clean, and rainbow colored. Second, she made other planets look like the colors of the rainbow. She went into Earth and saw she needed to make the moon and stars. So she made the moon look and taste like cheese. She made stars look like glitter.

She made the sky look indigo when it was daytime. She exited Earth to put the blue colored sun near Earth. She went entered Earth again and realized she needed to plant some plants. Luckily, she had some seeds in her pocket. She planted them. She added orange water to Earth to help the plant. She also needed rain. So she made red rain by circling her hand. She made green clouds too.

She realized she was lonely so she added animals of different colors. She created yellow grass so she could rest. Soon the animals became bored with just the little girl. The animals spoke to the girl about being lonely. She said, “No problem. I can make humans but first, I need to set aside some land for roads, buildings, homes, shops, stores and more.”

As she spoke, she created all the other things humans needed. After that, she formed the first 2 people. She also casted a spell to make a child and make it grow. The humans were magenta. The animals were amazed at how quickly the humans formed and adapted.

She thought she was done but the voice spoke to her saying that she would have to use creativity, quick thinking, and more. So she tried casting a spell to make the years speed by but it didn’t go as planned.

She made a makeshift bed and tried to get into her cozy home. That didn’t work so she tried to get the the people and animals to help her. They saw a note on the palm tree. The girl was able to reach it. She realized it was a riddle. She realized all she had do was fall asleep.

Before she fell asleep, she cast one final spell and it was the days of the week, months, and years. She fell asleep after that. There was a surprising jolt and she woke up. She was happy to find herself back in her bedroom. She couldn’t help thinking was it all a dream. Just then, a friendly voice explained that it wasn’t a dream. It was morning.

She went to the kitchen to tell her parents the most amazing thing happened to her. Her parents explained to her she had a real vision. Years later, she grew up to become a beloved author. Her name was Morgana and she had been 11 when the amazing thing happened. She lived in Australia at the time. She loved the book Anne of Green Gables. She thought it described her life perfectly.

The End! I hope you enjoyed!

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Nature’s Beauty

Cookie Chat With Cinnamon and Peppermint

Hey, everyone! If you love or like cookies, you should read about the history of cookies. We’re here today with Cinnamon and Peppermint from the Cookie books. Let’s get started!

Peppermint: Hey, Cinnamon! Are you ready for your interview, Ms. Spice?

Cinnamon: Hi there, Peppermint! Yes, I’m ready, Ms. Mint. By the way, you can just call me Cinnamon.

Peppermint: Here we go. Where were Lavish Cakes commonly eaten?

Cinnamon: Lavish cakes were commonly eaten in the Persian Empire.

Peppermint: The earliest cookie style cakes are thought to date back to what year?

Cinnamon: According to What’s Cooking America which is a food history website, the earliest cookie-style cakes are thought to date back to Persia which was modern Iran in the 7th century C.E. towards the end of it’s glory.

Peppermint: What does honey have to do with the history of cookies?

Cinnamon: While Europeans had honey due to ancient migration of bees, sugar came much later.

Peppermint: Where did sugar originate?  Where was the sugar bought to? Where did sugar get cultivated?

Cinnamon: Sugar originated in the lowlands of Bengal or somewhere in Southeast Asia, and was brought to Persia and cultivated it there, spreading to the eastern Mediterranean.

Peppermint: Bakers made what kind of cake for rich people? When did the Muslim invasion of Iberia take place?

Cinnamon: Bakers made fancy cakes and pastries for the rich people. With the Muslim invasion of Iberia in the 8th century, followed by the Crusades (1095 to 1291) and the developing spice trade, the cooking techniques and ingredients from Arabia spread to Northern Europe.

Peppermint: Cookbooks of the what? Where did it begin? What century did it take place?

Cinnamon: Cookbooks of the Renaissance, which began in Italy in the 14th century and spread to the rest of Europe, are filled with cookie recipes. By the end of the 14th century, anyone could buy little filled wafers on the streets of Paris.

Peppermint: Why weren’t cookies meant to please the sweet tooth? What were they used for?

Cinnamon: During the centuries before, while cakes of were being baked to the delight of all, what has evolved into our cookie wasn’t originally made to please the sweet tooth. According to cooking historians, the first historic record of cookies was used as test cakes.

Peppermint: How do you make test cakes?

Cinnamon: A small amount of cake batter was dropped onto the baking pans to test the temperature of the oven before the cake was baked (early ovens didn’t have thermostats like the ones we use today, and were fueled by burning wood).

Peppermint: What does cookie mean in each language?

Cinnamon: Each language has a different word for cookie. In the Netherlands, the little test cake was called koekje which means little cake in Dutch. Koek is cake in Dutch. The general idea evolved to small separate portions were baked to create dry, hard-textured, cookies we know today.

Peppermint: Why did they remove the moisture? Where does the British word for cookie and biscuit come from?

Cinnamon: With the moisture removed, they stayed fresh longer than cake. The British word for cookie and biscuit comes from the Latin word bis coctum which means double baked (also the origin of the Italian biscotti).

Peppermint: In what year did the term cookie appear in print for the first time? What kind of immigrants brought the cookie where in what year? What word did the Dutch use for the word cookie? Why did the English refer to cookies as small cakes?

Cinnamon:  According to The Oxford Companion For Food, the term cookie first appeared in print around 1703. According to the book, English and Dutch immigrants brought the cookie to America in the 1600s. The Dutch used the word koekje, while the English primarily referred to cookies as small cakes, seed biscuits, or teacakes or by specific names, jumble or a macaroon.

Peppermint: Around the early what, kookje changed to what names?

Cinnamon: Around the early 1700s, kookje had changed to cookie or cookey, and was well-fixed firmly in New York City, then the nation’s capital—a  factor that resulted in widespread use of the word. During the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries, most cookies were baked at home as special treats, both because of the amount of work and the high cost of sugar.

Peppermint: Recipes for what kinds of cookies? The cookie recipes are similar to what?

Cinnamon: Recipes for jumbles, macaroons, and gingerbread are found in early cookbooks. The simple butter cookie recipes are similar to English tea cakes and Scottish shortbread (the word tea cake is used to describe that type of cookie in the Southern United States as well).

Peppermint: During what century? Inexpensive what? The introduction to what?

Cinnamon: During the 19th century, inexpensive sugar and flour, and the introduction of relating to chemistry raising agents such as baking soda, led to the development of other types of cookie recipes.

Peppermint: Why did it explode in what year? The introduction of modern what with early what? Cookbooks produced recipes for what?

Cinnamon: Another explosion of cookie recipes took place in the early 1900s, not surprisingly to be parallel to the introduction of modern ovens with early thermostats. Cookbooks produce recipes for cinnamon-flavored snickerdoodles, raisin-filled hermits, sand tarts, and many varieties of butter cookies including Southern-style tea cakes.

Peppermint: The famous what? Why was it an accident?

Cinnamon: The famous chocolate chip cookie wasn’t to appear until 1930, an accident like a lot of good food is. Read more about the full story of the chocolate chip cookie here.

Peppermint: Wow, you sure know a lot about the history of cookies! I’ll go read the full story about the chocolate chip cookie later. I noticed that you said your name in one of the answers.

Cinnamon: Yes, I sure do. My parents wanted me to learn about cookies. I noticed too.

Peppermint: Are you ready to wrap up the interview?

Cinnamon: Yes, I’m ready.

Peppermint: It was nice talking to you about cookies.

Cinnamon: It was nice meeting you.

Sources:

http://www.thenibble.com/reviews/main/cookies/cookies2/cookie-history.asp

The other sources are linked in the interview.

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Snickerdoodles

Books I Recommend: The Turnip by Jan Brett

Hey, everyone! This is my 47th book recommendation. I hope you enjoy!

1. The Turnip by Jan Brett

2. The Wheel by Richard W. Bulliet

3. Mercy by Nancy Furstinger

4. Footwork by Roxanne Orgill

5. De Balboa and the Discovery of the South Sea by Hal Marcovitz

6. Super Simple Paper Airplanes by Nick Robinson

7. Championship Paper Planes by Paul Jackson

8. Virginia Lee Burton by Barbara Elleman

9. The Lemonade Club by Patricia Polacco

10. Thunder Cake by Patricia Polacco

11.  Butterfly House by Eve Bunting

12. Bafto of the Blue Dawn by Mary Pope Osborne

13. Mississippi River by John F. Prevost

14. What’s In A Word? by Robert Gorrell

15. The Pages Between Us by Lindsey Leavitt and Robin Mellom

16. You Make My Heart Swing Sideways by Nanci Turner Steveson

17. Camp Out! by Lynn Brunelle

18. 500 Butterflies From Around the World by Ken Preston Mafham

19. Songbirds Journey by Miyoko Chu

20. Kathryn the Gym Fairy by Daisy Meadows

21. Extra Credit by Andrew Clements

22. The Genie Scheme by Kimberly K. Jones

23. Inky the Indigo Fairy by Daisy Meadows

24. Dragonflies by Cynthia Berger

25. The Green Glass Sea by Ellen Klages

26. Nature Anatomy by Julia Rothman

27. The Sound of a Wild Snail Eating by Elisabeth Tova Bailey

28. Unlikely Friendships by Jennifer S. Holland

29. The Case of Pluto by Alan Boyle

30. Bird Sense by Tim Birkhead

31. The Quantum Zoo by Marcus Chown

32. Zamba by Ralph Helfer

33. The 100 Most Influential Inventors Of All Time by Robert Curley

34. Of Orcas and Men by David Neiwert

35. Great Motion Mission by Cora Lee

36. Trekking on a Trail by Linda White

37. Gone Away Lake by Elizabeth Enright

38. Beryl by Jane Simmons

39. The Trumpeter of Krakow by Eric P. Kelly

40. Chemistry Essentials For Dummies by John T. Moore

41. Western Union by Zane Grey

42. Physics II For Dummies by Steven Holzner

43. Cooking in a Can by Katherine L. White

44. The Birchbark House by Louise Enrich

45. Regarding the Bathrooms by Kate Klise

46. Dragons of Silk by Laurence Yep

47. Paddington Marches On by Michael Bond

48. Serena the Salsa Fairy by Daisy Meadows

49. The Secret Garden by Frances Hodgson Burnett

History of Candy

Hey, everyone! If some of you like candy, I think you might like know the history of candy. I hope you enjoy my blog post about candy. You’ll see a variety of candy blog posts in the future. Let’s begin!

Some people had normally believed that the thought of a candied treat was originally formed by cave people. They liked honey from the honey bees’ beehives. Before the Egyptians, Chinese, Indians, Greeks, Romans, and the people of Middle East had sugar; they combined honey with fruits and nuts to make candy.

A lot of people believed the first pieces of candy were eaten as a type of medical treatment for digestive problems. Civilization started to expand. When the sugar processing was discovered, it became a high traded item. In the Middle Ages, sugar had become highly priced. That made the sugar very expensive.

At the same time, sugar was labeled as a drug that was considered the cure for a lot of ailments and was sold by people who sold and prepared medicines. During the 17th century as sugar became a little more available, people in England and America they ate cooked sugar candy mixed with fruits and nuts.

Carmel and lollipops were known since the early 18th century. By the 1800s, more than 380 factories were built in the United States to manufacture candy. Most of the factories were producing separate, hard, and loose candies. In 1765, the first chocolate factory got established in the United States of America.

By the early nineteenth century after the sugar beet discovery and the encouragement of the mechanical age, candy making developed quickly into an industry and a various sort of flavors. Since the candy was no longer homemade and started to be large quantities, they were available to all people for the first time ever. The very first candy made were hard boiled sweets, marshmallows, and Turkish delight.

Also at the same time, hard candies like peppermints and lemon drops became extremely popular in America. England was the first country to manufacture in large quantities and at the 1851 London Prince Albert Exhibition, a large variation of boiled sweets, bonbons, chocolate creams, caramels, and many other candies were represented to European and American confectioners.

Ancient Olmec civilizations made the first chocolate drink. The Spaniards introduced chocolate in the 16th century to European people. Coca powder was made in 1828 but chocolate became not handmade and enormously available in  midst of the 19th century when it was introduced to the candy making factories as both cocoa and sugar rose to brand new heights.

In the beginning, the chocolate was produced out of a bittersweet chocolate. The first candy bar for the mass market was created by Joseph Fry in 1847. In 1854, the first packaged of Whitman’s chocolates was introduced. Richard Cadbury introduced the first Valentine’s Day box of candy in 1868.

David Peter and Henry Nestle from Switzerland made the first milk chocolate in 1876 which made the American candy bar such a phenomenon  of the late 19th century. Today, many kinds of ingredients are added to the chocolate bar. The famous candy corn was invented in 1880 by George Renninger. George Smith invented the first Lolly Pop in 1908.

Gumdrops

Here’s the sources I used:

http://www.candyhistory.net/candy-origin/history-of-candy/